“The coordination of social security is included in the withdrawal agreement, so we got what was in Finland`s interest, which was in the common interest of all countries, including the United Kingdom, all those who wanted to include social security, so that our initial objectives were achieved in this regard.” (Finland, 2019). ICF GHK in collaboration with Milieu Ltd: a factual analysis of the impact on the social security systems of Member States of the rights of inactive migrants in the EU on cash benefits and specific non-contributory health care on the basis of their residence. European Union Publications Office (2013) www.parliament.uk/business/news/2019/march/mps-debate-and-vote-on-the-withdrawal-agreement-with-the-european-union/. For more information on your social security record in Ireland, consult: House of Commons: Select Committee European Scrutiny, Proposal for a Regulation mending Regulation (EG) No 883/2004 on the coordination of social security systems and Regulation (EC) No 987/2009 regulation regulation regulation (EG) No 883/2004, Documents considered by the Committee on 8 February 2017 “I think everyone is seeking for a multilateral agreement … I don`t think any government in any Member State wants separate bilateral agreements… In the end, it would not be in the interest of any of the countries…. It would be chaos. (Finland, 2019). The United Kingdom concluded bilateral social security agreements with all EU countries before 2004, with the exception of Greece and Liechtenstein – and Cyprus and Malta from countries after 2004, as well as the former Yugoslavia. For EU citizens, bilateral agreements between Member States are largely superfluous: since they have been replaced by coordination regulations, although they have been maintained as parts of the UK that are not part of the EU`s free movement of persons provisions, for example.
B Isle of Man, Jersey, Guernsey.Footnote 61 The legal status of these old bilateral agreements is unclear: regulation (EC) 883/2004 of the European Parliament and the Council of 29 April 2004 relating to the coordination of social security systems; JO L 347 of 31. JO L 166, 30.4.2004. “The administrative commission for the coordination of social security systems is made up of a government representative from each EU country and a representative of the Commission. It is responsible for dealing with administrative issues, interpretation issues arising from the provisions of the social security coordination regulations, as well as the promotion and development of cooperation between EU countries.” ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=857&langId=en&intPageId=983. Although social security coordination was included in the withdrawal agreement, the eligibility assessment process is complex. Indeed, the condition of inclusion in the personal scope of the Footnote 53 withdrawal contract is that the person must continue continuously to find himself in one of the qualifying situations. For example, an EU citizen who is in the UK at the end of the transition period and stays there would be subject to Regulation 883/2004. However, if she moved to Britain the day after the transition period ended, she would not be insured, but she could be insured again if, for example, she later applied for a pension. This makes the coordination of social security provided for by the withdrawal agreement less comprehensive and much more complex than the current coordination regulations.
Eichenhofer, E.: How can social security coordination be simplified? Eur. J. Soc. Secur. doi.org/10.1023/A:1010008129663 At the time of the letter (September 2019), the UK`s future relationship with the EU is unknown. Theresa May, then Prime Minister, had said she would present the withdrawal agreement to Parliament on 11 December 2018, but was delayed at the last minute, fearing a heavy defeat.